Rhizophora apiculata is a species of mangrove commonly known as the bakau minyak or tip mangrove. It belongs to the family Rhizophoraceae and is found in coastal regions of the Indo-Pacific, including countries such as India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, and Australia.
Rhizophora apiculata is characterized by its distinctive prop roots, which provide stability in soft and muddy substrates. The tree can grow up to 30 meters in height. It has oval-shaped leaves with pointed tips and small, pale yellow flowers. The species is well adapted to saline environments and can tolerate periodic inundation by tides.
As a key component of mangrove ecosystems, Rhizophora apiculata plays a crucial role in providing habitat for various organisms, protecting coastlines from erosion, and contributing to nutrient cycling. Its prop roots also serve as important nurseries for fish and other marine species.
In addition to its ecological significance, Rhizophora apiculata has various uses in local communities. Its wood is valued for construction, and the bark and leaves have been traditionally used for tanning, dyeing, and medicinal purposes.