This species is locally called as “Mutti-Kadol” as its fruit looks like a tiny pot. This is species produces the largest mangrove fruit. It is a salt-tolerant plant that grows in brackish water and has adapted to survive in the harsh and ever-changing environments of the mangrove ecosystem.
The tree produces spherical fruits that resemble cannonballs, hence the common name “Cannonball mangrove.” The fruit is green when young and turns brown when mature. The fruit contains a single large seed which is surrounded by a fibrous pulp. The wood of Xylocarpus granatum is used for making boats, furniture, and construction material, while the bark and leaves have medicinal properties and are used in traditional medicine.
Xylocarpus granatum is an important tree in the mangrove ecosystem as it provides habitat and food for a variety of species, including crabs, fish, and birds. However, like many mangrove species, it is threatened by habitat loss due to human activities such as coastal development, shrimp farming, and logging. Conservation efforts are underway to protect and restore mangrove habitats, including those containing Xylocarpus granatum.